History of wine
According to some historical sources, vineyards , in Vrsac dating back to the end of time of Dacians and the Roman Empire, and the first written mention of it dates from 15th century, when Vrsac sold its wine in 1494th. To The court of King Vladisav Second.
From the recordings of Turkish traveler and writer Evliya Celebi, we have seen for the first time that the slopes of Vrsac hill was planted with vines, which gave sweet and tasty grapes. In Banat, the production of wine have the great progress during colonization, under the rule of Maria Theresa (1740-1780)
At the beginning of the road to the monastery Mesic is a large basement “Helvetia”, which was built and equipped in 1880-th year by Swiss wine merchant Bernhard Staub. How much is wine mportant for this city, can be seen from the fact that the vine as a symbol can be find on the coat of arms of the City in 1804-th year. Also, many details on the facades of old houses here in Vrsac have a grape motif.
In the late 19-th century there in Vrsac were more than 10,000 hectares of vineyards. It was the largest vineyards in Hungary, according to some statistics data, also in Europe, where the phylloxera devastation left right at that time.
With an expulsion of the Turks and the influx of Germans from the Rhineland, wine production remains the main economic sector in Gudurica, a nearby village. After the World War II instead of expelled Germans, the village is inhabited by Slovenes, Macedonians, and colonists from Bosnia, Lika, Banija and Kordun.
Gudurica today have the population of 1500 people which are now is living ther. This population consist of 22 nationalities, including one from French. Out of 425 households, 80 of them cultivate 100 hectares of vineyards, which in Vrsac Vineyards plantation of about 1000 ha, makes this village a strongest viticultural region in the whole Serbia.
Viticulture and Enology today
Vrsac vineyards are spread over hilly terrain around Vrsac, on the far slopes of the Carpathians. It has plantations with more than 1700 hectares of vineyards, and the entire region has about 2100 ha. The types of Lands are forest soil, and soils with sand. The region’s climate is typically continental.
From authentic and old varieties are still grown here: župljanka, smederevka, šasla bela, rkaciteli, kreaca. Kreaca the ancient white wine grape grown native from Vrsac. It has rown over the Banat. In Vrsac vineyards dominate the white wine varieties, blacks are almost gone.
Vršački Breg, Gudurica , a great center which immediately reminded a great connoisseur onto the area where the highest quality grapes are grown and produced good wine. The favorable geographic and climatic conditions for growing grapes are the nature parameters which are chose from those who lived in these areas to seriously tackle themselves in the production of grapes and wine.
Today, there, in the entire area where the Vrsac mountains and mild Banat plain are touching together, are located vineyards, and this region is one of the most important wine-growing regions in Serbia.
Among the many top quality wines produced in the region stand out otonel Muscat, Chardonnay, Pinot bianco, Rhine Riesling and Italian, and is very popular table wine Banat Riesling blend of Italian Riesling, Smederevka, Župljanka and Kreaca.
A road of wine
A Cellar of Vrsac Vineyards has been and still it is a civil engineering and an architecture attraction. It can fit 3400 tons of wine. The cellar was built from 1964 to 1967. Vrsac vineyards are one of the greatest symbols of the former Yugoslavia. Basement of the cellar is shaped as letter “Y” (initial letter codes for Yugoslavia). It’s one of the three largest wine cellar under one roof in Europe, the other two are in Listello in France and in Lorange in Spain. Basement has five galleries, one underground and four above, and 580 of them are located wine vessels made of concrete, glass plates coated.
What you should see
At the border of Serbia with Romania, about 90 kilometers far away from Belgrade, there is a Vrsac a town with about 40,000 inhabitants. Sightseeing tour: Vrsac tower from the 14th century, which is located on Vrsac hill, Town houses (City Hall) from the 18th century, Bishop’s Palace from the 18th century with very rich treasure, Monastery – Meshich from the 16th century, which is 10 km away from Vrsac, an old pharmacy house with the stairs from the 18th century, where is located a permanent exhibition of the Museum of the Cathedral Church of St. Nicholas from 1785, the Roman Catholic Church from 1863, and Chapel of the Holy Cross dedicated to St. Gerhard in 1720. year, will complete your travel experience.
After that, you can visit Vrsac vineyards and the cellar with 3400 wagons, visiting vineyards plantation, through which driving a car for two hours, going to a famous old wine cellar in the village Gudurica near Vrsac with wine tasting, wine list will satisfy your curiosity.
In Vrsac worked wine’s knightly order which has a name St. Theodore, who was named after the patron a saint of Vrsac town . You can meet Knights of wine on the road of wine, because the winemakers we recommend to you to visit are the members of this vine row.